Archive for ‘Thema2 Recherche académique’

14 mai 2019

Death of the author? AI generated books and the production of scientific knowledge

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been applied to an increasing number of creative tasks from the composition of music, to painting and more recently the creation of academic texts. Reflecting on this development Harry Collins, considers how we might understand AI in the context of academic writing and warns that we should not confuse the work of algorithms with tacit complex socially constructed forms of knowledge.

Apparently there are now academic books generated by artificial intelligence algorithms.  An example just published by Springer Nature, and written by ‘Beta Writer’, is called Lithium-Ion Batteries: A Machine-Generated Summary of Current Research.  I don’t know anything much about Lithium-Ion batteries, nor about how these algorithms work, but I do know something about scientific knowledge and the way it is generated. I have also written three books (without the aid of an algorithm) on artificial intelligence that draw on this knowledge, most recently: Artifictional Intelligence, Against humanity’s surrender to computers.

Full paper here

Publicités
15 avril 2019

Google offers a new search engine to find #datasets on specific topics

Google offers a new search engine to find datasets on specific topics.  Here is the link:

https://toolbox.google.com/datasetsearch

This could be a great tool to train students on data, or even conduct research on secondary useful datasets.

« In today’s world, scientists in many disciplines and a growing number of journalists live and breathe data. There are many thousands of data repositories on the web, providing access to millions of datasets; and local and national governments around the world publish their data as well. To enable easy access to this data, we launched Dataset Search, so that scientists, data journalists, data geeks, or anyone else can find the data required for their work and their stories, or simply to satisfy their intellectual curiosity.  Similar to how Google Scholar works, Dataset Search lets you find datasets wherever they’re hosted, whether it’s a publisher’s site, a digital library, or an author’s personal web page. To create Dataset search, we developed guidelines for dataset providers to describe their data in a way that Google (and other search engines) can better understand the content of their pages. These guidelines include salient information about datasets: who created the dataset, when it was published, how the data was collected, what the terms are for using the data, etc. We then collect and link this information, analyze where different versions of the same dataset might be, and find publications that may be describing or discussing the dataset. Our approach is based on an open standard for describing this information (schema.org) and anybody who publishes data can describe their dataset this way. We encourage dataset providers, large and small, to adopt this common standard so that all datasets are part of this robust ecosystem. »

Source here

5 avril 2019

Great initiative! criteria used to rank academia is changing in 2019!  

Times Higher Education produced in the 3rd of April a new world ranking for 450 universities based on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals like (gender equality, sustainable cities and communities, real-world problem solving research, etc.).

31 mars 2019

Choosing A Statistical Test Based On Your Data And Research Question

22 mars 2019

The crisis of scientific research and possible solutions! #ReplicationCrisis #PublishOrPerish #Ethics #OpenScience #PHacking #Publishing_Negative_Results #PhdChat

Part 1 : the diagnostic of the situation 

Part 2 : the possible solutions 

A great document by Corbert report in two parts about the modern science. The first part is a critical diagnostic about the situation, and the second part suggests some solutions to enhance the scientific process and make the findings more trustworthy. If interested in this topic you can also read my post on Hubbart excellent book (Corrupt research) here.

YB

5 mars 2019

Dance of the p Values & reporting intevals by Geoff Cumming

Cumming, Geoff. Understanding the new statistics: Effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis. Routledge, 2013.

3 mars 2019

Upcoming marketing conferences deadlines & call for chapters (updated)

By Yassine El Bouchikhi 

Sources used: 

  • ELMAR
  • Conference alerts
  • AFM marketing
  • EMAC
  • Calenda
25 février 2019

The new norm in research will be about QUALITY NOT QUANTITY ! #PublishorPerish culture is harming academia! #Merton_norms to Make Academia Great Again ;)

In 1942, sociologist Robert Merton articulated an ethos of science in “A Note on Science and Technology in a Democratic Order.” He argued that, although no formal scientific code exists, the values and norms of modern science can nevertheless be inferred from scientists’ common practices and widely held attitudes. Merton discussed four idealized norms: Universalism, Communality, Disinterestedness, and Organized Skepticism. In this video, we explore what these norms are and what they mean for the scientific community. « A Note on Science and Technology » can be found at: http://www.collier.sts.vt.edu/5424/pd…

Merton, Robert K. 1973. The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. University of Chicago Press.

Source: Berkeley Initiative for Transparency in the Social Sciences (BITSS)

20 février 2019

Humans Run Experiments, a Robot Writes the Paper

The future of automated scientific writing is upon us—and that’s a good thing.

In 2014, a researcher in France revealed a disturbing fact about the published scientific literature: At least 120 computer-generated manuscripts had made their way into academic conference proceedings, according to his analysis. Those robot-written papers, containing little more than strung-together buzzwords, had been created with a piece of software known as SCIgen, originally written on a lark by a trio of MIT graduate students in 2005. But in the years since, it seemed scientists had repurposed SCIgen to puff up their resumes and boost their professional status. This was understood to be a major scandal.

For Klemen Zupancic, though, the scandal was a source of inspiration. “It got us thinking,” the 32-year-old molecular biologist and tech entrepreneur told me this week from his office in Slovenia. Zupancic is head of sciNote, a tech startup that builds tools for helping scientists to switch from using pen-and-paper laboratory notebooks to more efficient online apps. (The company claims to have about 20,000 users, of which almost half are in the U.S.) When he read about the infiltration of academic journals by robo-generated text, he realized that the same approach might be used for honest ends. If software can publish scientific gobbledygook, then maybe it can write a valid scientific paper, too. So his company set out to create a program that would do just that.

more here 

15 février 2019

An Introduction to Jeffreys’s Bayes Factors With the SumStats Module in JASP: Part 1 | Bayes methods from: jasp-stats.org

In this blog post we elaborate on the ideas behind Harold Jeffreys’s Bayes factor and illustrate this test with the Summary Statistics module in JASP.

In a previous blog post we discussed the estimation problem, where the goal was to infer, from the observed data, the magnitude of the population effect. Before studying the size of an effect, however, we arguably first need to investigate whether an effect actually exists. Here we address the existence problem with a hypothesis test and we emphasize the difference between testing and estimation.

The outline of this blog post is as follows: Firstly, we discuss a hypothesis proposed in a recent study relating fungal infections to Alzheimer’s disease. This hypothesis is then operationalized within a statistical model, and we discuss Bayesian model learning in general, before we return to the Alzheimer’s example. This is followed by a comparison of the Bayes factor to other methods of inference, and the blog post concludes with a short summary.

More here

5 février 2019

A great blog to follow about the science crisis ! Replications, NHST paradgim, meta-reviews, editorial policy, academic retractations, publish or perish effects, etc … If you believe science has a huge problem and must change, then your are welcome!

“I am standing for this role because I believe that psychology faces one of two possible futures. In one, we fail to reform our research culture and diminish.”

— NeuroChambers: My manifesto as would-be editor of Psychological Science

 

http://scienceincrisis.info/

 

25 janvier 2019

A great channel …. StatQuest with Josh Starmer

25 janvier 2019

The JASP Guidelines for Conducting and Reporting a Bayesian Analysis

Last week we submitted a paper with guidelines for conducting and reporting a Bayesian analysis (with a focus on JASP). You can find a preprint here.

The Abstract

Despite the increasing popularity of Bayesian inference in empirical research, few practical guidelines provide detailed recommendations for how to apply Bayesian procedures and interpret the results. Here we offer specific guidelines for four different stages of Bayesian statistical reasoning in a research setting: planning the analysis, executing the analysis, interpreting the results, and reporting the results. The guidelines for each stage are illustrated with a running example. Although the guidelines are geared toward analyses performed with the open-source statistical software JASP, most guidelines extend to Bayesian inference in general.

https://jasp-stats.org/2019/01/23/preprint-the-jasp-guidelines-for-conducting-and-reporting-a-bayesian-analysis/?fbclid=IwAR0FzSDPqmYC63QTlHP6BQ4NB8D18Ex204c0YHlRVXllQbOivxbKbM4lC1Q

22 janvier 2019

Les chemins de la censure – La réactance psychologique

Les chemins de la censure: la réactance Technicien propose à Gull d’explorer davantage l’île, focalisant toute son attention sur une mystérieuse forêt du nom de « La forêt censurée ». Mais à l’excitation de Technicien s’oppose un brutal refus de la part de Gull qui lui ordonne, non sans menace, de ne jamais y mettre les pieds. Encore plus intrigué, Technicien décide de braver l’interdit et de partir seul à l’aventure vers cette région interdite sans imaginer à quel point ce périple le transformera profondément, pour le meilleur ou pour le pire. Ce chapitre traite de la censure, non pas sur les objets censurés, ni sur sa pratique ou ses acteurs, mais sur les effets psychologiques qu’elle peut avoir sur l’individu. La censure peut se traduire comme une privation, et peut en cela générer une réactance. La réactance psychologique, mise en évidence par Brehm en 1966, est un état de tension ou de motivation qui apparaît dans une situation où l’on prive l’individu d’un choix, d’une liberté, d’une action possible ou d’un comportement. C’est sous la perspective de la réactance que nous allons interroger la censure dans ce chapitre. Pour retrouver les sources, articles complémentaires, vous pouvez vous rendre sur notre site: https://www.hacking-social.com/2019/0…

13 janvier 2019

Modern science has mysterious roots based on hermetic teachings and occult practices! And the source is Britain who Invented the Modern World conception!

Herman, A. (2001). How the Scots invented the Modern World: the true story of how western Europe’s poorest nation created our world & everything in it. Crown.

This subject is of paramount importance. Indeed, the mysterious appearance of the dynamics of modern science can be linked to Kabalistic practices from ancient Egypt. All the people who were pioneers in scientific fields were linked to these forms of occultism, and modern science has bleached all that esoteric past that is the source of what is called the scientific revolution.
The secret societies, the Kabalistic practices, were transformed in England into scientific and scientific societies, with the appearance of the royal society set up by Francis Bacon.

The mastery of the material world, brings us to the end of the path with the current knowledge that the current world is a universe of interacting energies. To what extent is modern science (which is supposed to control matter) not a form of magic that controls the energies around us?

The matrix was not a movie … this topic deserves more exploration …. do you see what i see neo?